• East Africa: Kinyua Instructs Ministries to Fast-Track EAC Protocols April 23, 2014
    [The Star]The Office of the President has directed ministries yet to domesticate ratified regional policies to move with speed and do so and ahead of the 2015 deadline for implementing East African Community's common market protocol. […]
  • Kenya: Suspected Thief Killed in Lukenya April 23, 2014
    [The Star]A man was yesterday lynched by a mob at Lukenya in Athi River district. Machakos deputy county commander Joshua ole Leina said the man was caught stealing a motorcycle from a boda boda operator. […]
  • Kenya: Nanyuki Court to Rule On Fate of Suspected Alien April 23, 2014
    [The Star]A Nanyuki court is today set to decide the fate of a 17-year-old girl suspected to be an illegal immigrant from Ethiopia. Martha Damara has been in Nanyuki GK prison since Thursday last week, after she was arrested the previous day on suspicion of being in the country illegally. […]
  • Kenya: Tiaty, Baringo North Agree On Location of Mining Plant April 23, 2014
    [The Star]Leaders in Baringo North and Tiaty subcounties have reached an agreement on the location of a proposed diatomite plant. MCAs from the two subcounties held a meeting on Monday amid protests. They reluctantly agreed that the plant be build in Ripko ward, Tiaty subcounty. […]
  • Kenya: Malindi Project to Document Town's History April 23, 2014
    [The Star]The National Museums of Kenya has started documenting the Indigenious Knowledge of the history of Malindi town which was founded around the first century AD. […]
  • Kenya: Residents Surrender Seven Guns April 23, 2014
    [The Star]RESIDENTS of Turkwel have surrendered seven guns in the ongoing rapid results initiative. Speaking to the star yesterday, West Pokot county commandant Charles Wasike said the guns were in the hands of warriors illegally. Wasike urged residents still hiding illegal guns to voluntarily surrender them to the government to end insecurity. […]
  • Kenya: Nyamira MCAs Probe Sh30 MIllion Health Cover April 23, 2014
    [The Star]FOUR insurance companies have been summoned to appear before a committee investigating a suspicious Sh30 million health cover for Nyamira county assembly members. […]
  • Kenya: Create Employment to Fight Terrorism April 23, 2014
    [The Star]Bullet for bullet is a fair strategy to deal with terrorism. But on its own it is an ineffective reaction to this hydra-headed challenge. The war against al Shabaab copycats could get vicious. […]
  • Kenya: Dispute Over One-Acre Public Land in Bomet April 23, 2014
    [The Star]The Bomet government has fallen out with some residents over the building of a baby care centre in Bomet town. The officials have accused the county government of allocating the one-acre land next to the county assembly to a private company. Residents said the company owned by a senior county official. […]
  • South Sudan: Mediators Delay Peace Talks - Rebels April 23, 2014
    [Sudan Tribune]Addis Ababa -A new round of peace talks between the South Sudanese government and rebels led by former vice-president Riek Machar has been adjourned, a rebel official confirmed on Tuesday. The fourth round peace negotiations aimed at ending over four months old conflict in the world's youngest nation was supposed to resume on Wednesday 23 […]

About ACTESA

The Alliance for Commodity Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa (ACTESA) was launched on September 24 2008 by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)’s Ministers of agriculture. On June 9, 2009, ACTESA was established by the Heads of State of COMESA (the COMESA Authority) as a Specialized Agency to integrate small farmers into national, regional and international markets.

On March 1, 2010 ACTESA signed an agreement with COMESA on the implementation of agricultural programmes in the region. The agreement is meant to accelerate the implementation of regional initiatives in agriculture, trade and investment.

Key areas of focus assigned to ACTESA include the development of regional agricultural policies; promotion of investments in agriculture; promotion of trade in agro commodity products and development of production and marketing structures; development of the agricultural, livestock, pastoral and fisheries sectors and consultation with the private sector and civil society organisations on agricultural development matters especially agro commodities trade.

The main goal of ACTESA is to increase farmer productivity and incomes in the Eastern and Southern Africa region through trade in strategic agricultural commodities.

ACTESA is an answer to the region’s agricultural challenges that include trade related constraints, low productivity, technological and policy related constraints. It is an important institution in a region where 85 percent of all staple crop producers are smallholders and of these, only about 15 percent produce for the market and are characterized by poor organization with no predictable selling mechanisms.

ACTESA responds to the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)’s Pillar II and III agenda, that seek to improve rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for market access and increase food supply, reduce hunger, and improve responses to food emergency crises respectively.

Consequently, ACTESA is the primary agency for achieving the COMESA vision of increased regional integration and improved competitiveness of staple food markets, leading to broad based growth and decreased food insecurity.

Specifically, the objectives of ACTESA are to:

  1. Improve competitiveness and integration of staple foods markets in the region through improved micro and macro economic policies as the drivers of staple food markets;
  2. Improve and expand market facilities and services for key agricultural commodities;
  3. Increase the commercial integration of smallholder farmers into national and regional markets.

ACTESA focuses on building market information systems, providing services and increasing commercialization of smallholders in the following sub-sectors:

  1. Grains and pulses
  2. Oil seeds
  3. Roots and tubers
  4. Livestock and fisheries
  5. Forest and Natural products
  6. Tree and plantation crops
  7. Agriculture inputs

ACTESA targets geographical areas within eastern and southern Africa that include a larger number of vulnerable populations but also have the potential to produce surplus staples for the market.

The target beneficiaries from these areas are farming communities in selected areas that are drought prone, emerging from conflicts, or otherwise vulnerable and may or not be receiving support from food assistance programs to improve their production systems.

By creating ACTESA, COMESA member States showed commitment to ensuring that food assistance and other types of food security interventions in the region are development oriented, and promote sustainability of food security among target beneficiaries.

ACTESA’s key financial partners include:

  • The United States Agency for International Development (USAID);
  • The UK’s Department for International Development (DfID)
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)
  • Australian Aid (AusAID)
  • The European Commission (EC)

ACTESA’s major implementing partners:

  • Farmers’ Organisations;
  • Trade associations;
  • Commodity associations;
  • Agro civil society;
  • Agribusiness;
  • Commercial and development banks;
  • Microfinance institutions;
  • Market institutions;
  • Seed and fertilizer associations;
  • Research institutions.

 

The Importance of Agricultural Research to the Future of South African Farming

South Africa has a very demanding agricultural environment, with harsh and dry weather being commonplace and soils being mostly quite poor, although there are certain areas such asKwaZulu-Natalwhere conditions are better. But most of the country is very arid. In fact, to those who know those regions, it is difficult to understand the affection that many have and their insistence on attempting subsistence farming in such inhospitable areas. Even the areas with better conditions are subject to occasional storms or droughts which may destroy crops, as with the storm damage from Demoina which caused widespread damage.
Given the uncertainty of farming inSouth Africa, even commercial farmers struggle for survival, and it is very hard for under-capitalised subsistence farmers, although many suffer from the delusion that farming is easy. With this in mind, it becomes obvious that technical support and advice is imperative, and agricultural research into suitable types of farming and crops as well as animals for the different areas is particularly important.
In the Boland, for example, the major crop is wheat. But many wheat farmers farm at a loss because of low prices due to international competition and low wheat prices. Here it might seem that a switch to crops like kamut or spelt/faro might be a good move, as there is an increasing demand for these crops due to an awareness of the problems caused by gluten intolerance. Although they are varieties of wheat – kamut was the wheat grown in Ancient Egypt and faro was the wheat cultivated by the Romans – the gluten they contain seems to cause fewer problems than the gluten in the common wheat originating fromIndiawhich is grown because of its greater yields. However, prices for kamut or faro are higher and there is less competition internationally and there is also no stigma from GMO varieties, while they are also better able to withstand harsh conditions.
So the advantages of such a move would be worth researching. Other crops which are becoming increasingly popular on world markets are acai and cupuacu, which would be suitable for the subtropical regions and might be more profitable than sugar or be grown on farms which do not have a sugar quota. There are many other examples of crops which are coming more to the fore and where export demand would be substantial. Jojoba has already achieved some success, and many stock farmers benefitted from a move to game farming, with lower input costs and the animals being better able to cope under extensive conditions. Something like aquaponics could also prove suitable to produce flowers or organic vegetables for export toEurope. Although this farming method uses a lot of water initially, because the water is recirculated the actual ongoing consumption is quite limited and is much less than with conventional irrigation. And water scarcity is a particular problem in South Africa.
The agricultural research facilities and extension services have already done an excellent job for both commercial and subsistence farmers in South African. It is vitally important for the future food security for our nation that funds for this purpose not be stinted. How else can we keep pace with changes in international markets? We have the example ofZimbabwe, which generally has a better climate and soils than most ofSouth Africa, which went from being the bread-basket of the region and a huge exporter of food and other agricultural products to being absolutely dependant on food imports due to political circumstances. Let’s not let this happen here.

 

 WHAT IS COMESA?

COMESA is an acronym for Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. This describes a free trade area made up of twenty members of states lying within the north eastern, eastern and south eastern side of the African continent. This trading block was formed in December 1994 to replace a Preferential Trade Area (PTA) that existed since the year 1981. COMESA is a pillar to African economic and regional development.
COMESA MEMBERSHIP

As we have seen, this trading block consists of twenty member states spread out from the Northeastern, Eastern to the South Eastern regions of Africa. The membership includes; Kenya, Djibouti, Burundi, Comoros, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe and recently the newly formed state of South Sudan.
COMESA OBJECTIVES

COMESA was established as an organization consisting of free and independent states which agreed to nurture their economic resources for the benefit of all their people. As such COMESA has very long term objectives which among others includes; promotion of a peaceful coexistence and security within the region. COMESA’s chief focus is to conglomeration of a huge economic and trading block that is well capable of overcoming all the barriers that are faced by each of the individual states.
COMESA Institutions

In order to promote a sub-regional cooperation in development, COMESA is subdivided into several institutions . These include:
The trade and Development Bank- Nairobi, Kenya

The clearing house – Harare, Zimbabwe

Association of commercial banks- Harare, Zimbabwe

The Leather institute – Ethiopia

The Re-insurance company- Nairobi, Kenya

The COMESA treaty has also set up a court of justice to deal with all legal matters emanating from within this regional block. There are more initiatives that are tailored towards the formation of a common industrial policy and introduction of a monetary harmonization program.

BENEFITS OF COMESA
This trading bloc offers its member states with a wider, more competitive and harmonized market for their products.
It also creates greater industrial capacity to produce goods in a bigger market with higher levels of competition.
COMESA acts as a channel of stabilizing the agriculture sector thus creating food security within its member states.
This common market offers a more rational exploitation and utilization of natural resources found within its member states.
COMESA also facilitates for greater harmonization of the banking, monetary and financial policies within its member states.
This regional trading bloc facilitates for modern and better infrastructural development more so in the transport and communication sector so as to ensure that the member states are properly interlinked and networked.

COMESA DECISION MAKING ORGAN

This trading block has developed a comprehensive system of decision making to ensures that it runs smoothly and efficiently. This decision making organ is structured at the top level of authority with the heads of state from each member countries forming it. This organ is backed by a council of policy makers made up of ministers, 12 technical committees and several advisory bodies. Each member state is also represented by liaison persons who are appointed by their appropriate ministries to form part of a day to day communication process.
The overall co-ordination of the COMESA affairs is overseen by the Lusaka based Secretariat.

Incoming search terms:

  • actesa
  • actesa comesa
  • Source: www13604.aboutcollegeessay.com/
  • www actesacomesa org
  • kiplagat kogos
  • brian karanga
  • cord raila speech one village one product
  • the one village one product initiative overseen by the USSIA
  • actesacomesa
  • is egypt a member in the actesa

Comments are closed.

Partner Sites:
Comesa

Source: http://www.comesa.int

  • iNumber Number set to rock SA cinemas April 23, 2014
    Presley Chweneyagae of Tsotsi fame returns to the South African big screen on Thursday when crime thriller iNumber Number, the fourth film by award-winning director Donovan Marsh, opens in cinemas nationwide. […]
  • Read your way through 20 years of democracy April 23, 2014
    South Africa's story since the first democratic elections in 1994 is a remarkable one - and there's no better way to understand it than through our nation's rich literature. Here are highlights of a list of notable South African books from the past 20 years, put together by the books team at the Sunday Times. […]
  • SA, Mozambique to fight wildlife crime April 23, 2014
    Anti-poaching measures will be beefed up following the signing of a memorandum of understanding between South Africa and Mozambique. It is hoped that this will help protect the rhino and other endangered species in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. […]
  • Good draw for SA wheelchair stars April 23, 2014
    Top seed Stephane Houdet of France heads up the Airports Company South Africa Gauteng Open, with fellow countrymen Leon Els and Patrick Selepe carrying South Africa's hopes in the men's singles. South African top woman KG Montjane has been seeded second for the event. […]
  • SA fields strong squad for Junior World Cup April 23, 2014
    After announcing a team that includes players with Super Rugby and previous IRB Junior World Cup experience, South Africa will be among the favourites to lift the title in New Zealand in June. […]
  • New buyers 'impressed with SA wines' April 22, 2014
    South Africa's competitively priced wine is attracting new buyers - who are impressed by the quality of the wines, a recent report by international financial services company Rabobank found. Exports of South African bulk wine rose in 2013 by 37.6%, outpacing the global average growth rate of 26%. […]
  • Chemical technology incubator launched in Durban April 22, 2014
    Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies officially launched the Durban branch of the South African Chemical Technology Incubator at the University of KwaZulu-Natal last week. The centre offers free support services to small chemical technology businesses in the province. […]
  • SA firms head for Zimbabwe Trade Fair April 22, 2014
    The Department of Trade and Industry is leading a group of South African companies to the 2014 Zimbabwe International Trade Fair starting in Bulawayo on Tuesday. Last year, participating firms clinched export deals worth R55-million at the week-long event. […]
  • Rooibos helps prevent against cancer: study April 22, 2014
    Rooibos extracts in skin care products can help prevent the development of skin cancer and even delay the onset of malignant tumours, a recent study by Dr Tandeka Magcwebeba, a doctoral student at Stellenbosch University, has found. […]
  • South Africa defends Africa Zone VI golf title April 22, 2014
    South Africa successfully defended the Africa Zone VI team golf title at Devonvale Golf and Wine Estate in Stellenbosch last week. The home nations' golfers dominated the event, finishing four points ahead of second-place Zimbabwe. […]