• Africa: Secure Land Rights: Food Security Depends On It July 30, 2014
    [Focus on Land]What do land tenure security and food security have to do with one another? A lot. However, only recently has this relationship begun to receive the attention it deserves. […]
  • Kenya: Kamba Women Not for Free, Says Busia Women Rep Mutua July 30, 2014
    [The Star]Busia Women Representative Florence Mutua has rubbished claims that Kamba women are too cheap and can be given out for free. […]
  • Kenya: Kenya's Tourism Crisis - Al Shabaab Hits Where It Hurts the Most July 30, 2014
    [Daily Maverick]If the Kenyan government is to be believed, tourist arrivals are down a little bit on last year. Hotel operators tell a different story, speaking of a crisis rather than a decline. It's a potentially devastating blow for Kenya's economy. For this, Kenyan has got Al Shabaab and an increasingly misguided invasion of Somalia to thank. […]
  • Tanzania: Designing Improved Cookstoves for Tanzanians July 30, 2014
    [SciDev.Net]Improved cookstove designs reduce the use of firewood in rural communities, countering deforestation, soil erosion and food insecurity. They also ensure cleaner combustion than in traditional open-fire cooking, reducing harmful indoor pollution. […]
  • Kenya: HIV Funding Worries in Kenya July 30, 2014
    [IRIN]Kisumu/Nairobi -The US President's Emergency Plan for Aids Relief (PEPFAR), the biggest funder of HIV programmes in Kenya, is set to significantly scale down its funding, a move activists and government officials believe could negatively affect the country's fight against the disease. […]
  • Tanzania: Analysts, MP Raise Questions Over Leaked Gas Contract July 30, 2014
    [AlertNet]Dar es Salaam/Washington -A leaked contract showing ExxonMobil and Norway's Statoil will pay Tanzania no more than 50 percent of the profits from a natural gas field in the Indian Ocean has stirred a furore in the east African country. […]
  • Kenya: Ex-Cop Jailed 30 Years for Raping Child July 30, 2014
    [The Star]A former police officer, who defiled a 14-year-old epileptic and mentally handicapped girl, has been jailed for 30 years. […]
  • Kenya: Wall Collapses on Six Pupils July 30, 2014
    [The Star]SIX nursery school pupils in Ugunja subcounty were rushed to Siaya County Referral Hospital after a wall of one of their unfinished classrooms fell on them. […]
  • Kenya: Gay Rights Activist Living at Dumpsite After Eviction July 30, 2014
    [The Star]When Mary Muthui came out to say she is gay in a film in 2012, she did not expect the kind of backlash she has received since then. […]
  • Somalia: Alshabaab - We Will Target Planes Carrying Things for AMISON July 30, 2014
    [Dalsan Radio]The spokesperson of Alshabaab Sheikh Ali Mohamud Rage aka Sheikh Ali Dheere said Alshabaab will from now onwards target the planes carrying weapons and other things for AMISOM when they are landing at the airports in Mogadishu. […]

How Food Production Can Be Improved In South Africa

Food security is a problem that is facing most African nations. In fact, most of the countries have lived with it for decades. South Africa among the African states that are frequently faced with food shortages. Shortage of food is mainly as a result of inability of a country to produce enough food that is able to feed its citizens and also raise the economy. This is caused by several factors, one of which is poor climate and environmental conditions that sustain food production. This requires that South Africans and any other organizations across the globe involved in ensuring food security have to be able to come up with various systems that can help in ensuring that the nation’s food production is elevated to a level that sustains the population that is increasingly expanding.

South Africa is a nation that has got a dual agricultural economy. It has a properly developed commercial as well as subsistence farming that is able to feed the population. However, this is not enough to cater for the needs of the entire population. It requires that more efforts need to be put in the agricultural industry since it is the backbone of the nation’s food production. South Africa is able to improve food production by strengthening the small scale farmers.

Strengthening of small scale farmers will ensure households are able to produce food that can properly support them while at the same time engaging in food production for commercial purposes to cater for other needs thereby increasing the country’s economy. There are several ways in which small scale farmers can be strengthened including provision of farming incentives like agricultural machinery, fertilizers, crops, livestock among others.
There are various forms of agriculture that can be conducted in South Africa including livestock rearing, aquaculture, game farming, poultry and pig keeping, sheep and goat rearing and even crop cultivation. Currently, livestock rearing is doing better than crop cultivation in the country. On the other hand, crop cultivation is also not doing so bad. However, it needs to be raised to a standard that can ensure adequate food production. With the poor climate and environmental conditions in South Africa, most of the crop cultivation activities are conducted through irrigation. When the irrigation is intensified in the particular areas that have got poor rainfall pattern, there is a possibility that food production will be increased. The farmers also need to be equipped with proper information on the ideal crops that do well in the different regions to ensure that they are able to maximize their crop cultivation efforts.

Even though the livestock sector is performing very well, there is still need to strengthen it to ensure that production can be increased. The livestock sector can be strengthened by giving the farmers comprehensive information on the breeds of cattle, sheep and even goats that are able to do well in the regions that are so much affected by droughts. Therefore, they will be able to increase the level of food production. However, there is still a lot that can be done to improve the production of food in South Africa.

 

How The Income Of Poor Farmers Can Be Improved In South Africa

Almost each and every member of the COMESA relies on agriculture as its main source of food and income. It is sad that, however common farming is in Africa, these countries still grapple with importing food or asking for food donations from other countries such as Europe when they are faced with drought, floods or in most cases do not have enough food for its citizens.
South Africa has made a great step in food dependency but one of the key challenges is how the income of poor farmers can be improved in South Africa who are the majority in this area. Just like other counties in member states of the COMESA, most farmers have small pieces of land and can only afford to practice small scale farming for livestock and crops farming. South Africa in this case has got both large scale commercial farmers who own large tracts of land and making millions of SA. Rand while many small scale farmers struggle to even have their crops doing well in their farmers leave alone getting a ready market for their bounty harvest.
First, farmers need to be given training on key successful farming tips based on their locality. There are different kinds of soil in East and South African countries; this makes it impossible for all countries to have the same kind of farm produce in the market. Countries such as Kenya have been known to produce the best tea in the world but little has been done to improve the current farming trends on tea farming in that region. South Africa’s poor farmers may not exactly have the knowledge on successful farming and they may also be lacking the tools to improve the harvest. Since most of them are poor and illiterate are poor, you cannot expect them to get into the internet or joining agricultural classes. We must find grass root education methods to enhance their livelihood through the best farming methods and give them the tools.
Enhance technology innovations into these farmers: Many farmers are traditional farmers and they will plant the same kind of crop on the same piece of land year round for as long as their generation exists. We have had recent innovations and ideas on how the income of poor farmers can be improved in South Africa. Let’s take for example livestock farming, many poor farmers would prefer keeping hundreds of heads of cattle as a sign of wealth but do not look at the value of income they can get on a day to day basis from those cows. They need to introduce new technologies of livestock farming where they aim at meat or milk production with hybrid cows.
This strategy may seem expensive but it is possible if they change from traditional believes and methods of farming then contributes more to the economy and improve their daily income. Efforts have to be made to stop rural to urban migration and revert youths into commercial farming aimed at food and income generation.

Incoming search terms:

  • Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of south africa?
  • Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of south africa
  • food production in south africa
  • how to increase food production
  • food industry in south africa
  • ways of improving food production
  • ways to increase food production
  • food industry south africa
  • how to improve food production
  • ways to improve food production

Comments are closed.

Partner Sites:
Comesa

Source: http://www.comesa.int

  • Team South Africa up to 31 medals in Glasgow July 31, 2014
    South Africa had racked up 31 medals by the end of competition at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow on Wednesday, adding four medals in athletics and one in wrestling to move within two of their total haul in India four years ago. […]
  • Kallis calls an end to international career July 31, 2014
    Jacques Kallis announced his retirement from all forms of international cricket on Wednesday, bringing down the curtain on a career which established him as the leading all-rounder of his day, and one of the greatest players of all time. […]
  • South Africa to tackle crime more holistically July 30, 2014
    South Africa is working towards tackling crime from a more holistic angle, taking into account societal issues which influence the spread and intensity of crime, says Police Minister Nkosinathi Nhleko. […]
  • Gauteng townships set for a major facelift July 30, 2014
    The townships in South Africa's Gauteng province are set for a major facelift, with the provincial government budgeting R4.4-billion over the next five years for building more houses, improving their quality and eradicating corruption around their allocation. […]
  • Tuks crowned Campus Cricket World Champs July 30, 2014
    South Africa's University of Pretoria cricket team, Assupol Tuks, claimed the Red Bull Campus Cricket World T20 title in England on the weekend after going through the competition unbeaten. […]
  • Magnificent seven for Chad le Clos in Glasgow July 30, 2014
    Chad le Clos claimed an individual bronze and added a further bronze as a member of the South African medley relay team on Tuesday evening to take his individual haul to seven medals at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. […]
  • Medupi power station 'ready by December' July 29, 2014
    Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown says she is confident that construction of South Africa's new coal-fired power plant, the 4 764 MW Medupi power station in Limpopo province, will be completed by December. […]
  • Transnet opens wagon maintenance facility in Northern Cape July 29, 2014
    State logistics company Transnet officially opened a R30-million wagon refurbishment facility in De Aar in South Africa's Northern Cape province on Monday, bringing new jobs and training opportunities to the small rural town. […]
  • US to set up leadership centres in Africa July 29, 2014
    The United States is to set up centres to train Africa's next generation of political and economic leaders - starting next year with centres in Senegal, Ghana, South Africa and Kenya - as it moves to expand US President Barack Obama's Young African Leaders Initiative. […]
  • Proteas back to No. 1 with test series win July 29, 2014
    South Africa returned to the top of the ICC test cricket rankings on Monday with a hard-fought draw in the second test against Sri Lanka in Colombo, securing only their second series win in the island nation. The Proteas previously triumphed in Sri Lanka in 1993. […]