How Food Production Can Be Improved In South Africa

Food security is a problem that is facing most African nations. In fact, most of the countries have lived with it for decades. South Africa among the African states that are frequently faced with food shortages. Shortage of food is mainly as a result of inability of a country to produce enough food that is able to feed its citizens and also raise the economy. This is caused by several factors, one of which is poor climate and environmental conditions that sustain food production. This requires that South Africans and any other organizations across the globe involved in ensuring food security have to be able to come up with various systems that can help in ensuring that the nation’s food production is elevated to a level that sustains the population that is increasingly expanding.

South Africa is a nation that has got a dual agricultural economy. It has a properly developed commercial as well as subsistence farming that is able to feed the population. However, this is not enough to cater for the needs of the entire population. It requires that more efforts need to be put in the agricultural industry since it is the backbone of the nation’s food production. South Africa is able to improve food production by strengthening the small scale farmers.

Strengthening of small scale farmers will ensure households are able to produce food that can properly support them while at the same time engaging in food production for commercial purposes to cater for other needs thereby increasing the country’s economy. There are several ways in which small scale farmers can be strengthened including provision of farming incentives like agricultural machinery, fertilizers, crops, livestock among others.
There are various forms of agriculture that can be conducted in South Africa including livestock rearing, aquaculture, game farming, poultry and pig keeping, sheep and goat rearing and even crop cultivation. Currently, livestock rearing is doing better than crop cultivation in the country. On the other hand, crop cultivation is also not doing so bad. However, it needs to be raised to a standard that can ensure adequate food production. With the poor climate and environmental conditions in South Africa, most of the crop cultivation activities are conducted through irrigation. When the irrigation is intensified in the particular areas that have got poor rainfall pattern, there is a possibility that food production will be increased. The farmers also need to be equipped with proper information on the ideal crops that do well in the different regions to ensure that they are able to maximize their crop cultivation efforts.

Even though the livestock sector is performing very well, there is still need to strengthen it to ensure that production can be increased. The livestock sector can be strengthened by giving the farmers comprehensive information on the breeds of cattle, sheep and even goats that are able to do well in the regions that are so much affected by droughts. Therefore, they will be able to increase the level of food production. However, there is still a lot that can be done to improve the production of food in South Africa.

 

How The Income Of Poor Farmers Can Be Improved In South Africa

Almost each and every member of the COMESA relies on agriculture as its main source of food and income. It is sad that, however common farming is in Africa, these countries still grapple with importing food or asking for food donations from other countries such as Europe when they are faced with drought, floods or in most cases do not have enough food for its citizens.
South Africa has made a great step in food dependency but one of the key challenges is how the income of poor farmers can be improved in South Africa who are the majority in this area. Just like other counties in member states of the COMESA, most farmers have small pieces of land and can only afford to practice small scale farming for livestock and crops farming. South Africa in this case has got both large scale commercial farmers who own large tracts of land and making millions of SA. Rand while many small scale farmers struggle to even have their crops doing well in their farmers leave alone getting a ready market for their bounty harvest.
First, farmers need to be given training on key successful farming tips based on their locality. There are different kinds of soil in East and South African countries; this makes it impossible for all countries to have the same kind of farm produce in the market. Countries such as Kenya have been known to produce the best tea in the world but little has been done to improve the current farming trends on tea farming in that region. South Africa’s poor farmers may not exactly have the knowledge on successful farming and they may also be lacking the tools to improve the harvest. Since most of them are poor and illiterate are poor, you cannot expect them to get into the internet or joining agricultural classes. We must find grass root education methods to enhance their livelihood through the best farming methods and give them the tools.
Enhance technology innovations into these farmers: Many farmers are traditional farmers and they will plant the same kind of crop on the same piece of land year round for as long as their generation exists. We have had recent innovations and ideas on how the income of poor farmers can be improved in South Africa. Let’s take for example livestock farming, many poor farmers would prefer keeping hundreds of heads of cattle as a sign of wealth but do not look at the value of income they can get on a day to day basis from those cows. They need to introduce new technologies of livestock farming where they aim at meat or milk production with hybrid cows.
This strategy may seem expensive but it is possible if they change from traditional believes and methods of farming then contributes more to the economy and improve their daily income. Efforts have to be made to stop rural to urban migration and revert youths into commercial farming aimed at food and income generation.

Incoming search terms:

  • Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of south africa?
  • Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of south africa
  • state one outcome of importing more food into south africa
  • Outcome of importing more food into south africa
  • one outcome of importing more food into south africa
  • food production in south africa
  • state one outcome of importing more food in South Africa
  • how to increase food production
  • Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of sa
  • how does small scale farming contribute to the economy of South Africa

Comments are closed.

Partner Sites:
Comesa

Source: http://www.comesa.int

  • Awards honour four young SA creatives November 27, 2014
    The Arts and Culture Trust Awards, now in their 20th year, recognise young South African artists with promising futures. This year's winners, announced on Wednesday, are Jade Bowers for theatre, Thabo Makhethe-Kwinana for design, Bevan de Wet for visual art, and Nomfundo Xaluva for music.
  • Africa is becoming increasingly attractive to retailers November 27, 2014
    Tapping into Africa's fast growing consumer market, African-focused trading firm CFAO Group has signed up five French retail brands that will open shops in its malls across the continent.
  • Scheme aims to boost investment in SA vehicle production November 26, 2014
    The Vehicles-Automotive Investment Scheme has been extended to include the makers of medium and heavy commercial vehicles in a move aimed at growing and developing the sector in South Africa.
  • South Africa pulls up its sleeves in fight against Ebola November 26, 2014
    From running a laboratory in Sierra Leone to diagnose suspected Ebola patients to raising more than R50-million to help fight the outbreak in West Africa, South Africa is playing its part in the international fight against the deadly viral disease.
  • Women's empowerment 'key to stopping violence' November 26, 2014
    Economic empowerment and independence are important pre-conditions to help end gender-based violence, says NGO Gender Links, which will be showcasing the achievements of more than 1 000 survivors during the 16 Days of Activism For No Violence campaign.
  • New online home for Mandela's legacy November 25, 2014
    The Nelson Mandela Foundation is preparing for the first anniversary of Madiba's passing in December with the launch of a new-look website and a special interactive exhibition at the Centre of Memory in Johannesburg, where members of the public will be able to pay tribute to their former leader.
  • SA economy grows 1.4% in third quarter November 25, 2014
    The South African economy grew by 1.4% in the third quarter according to data released on Tuesday by Statistics SA - and analysts say the recovery is expected to gain moderate momentum in the final quarter of 2014.
  • South Africa tightens seatbelt laws to protect children November 25, 2014
    Despite having one of the highest rates of road-related deaths in the world, South African seatbelt laws have not covered children under the age of three. However, from April next year, it will be illegal for children to sit in the front seat or not be appropriately and safely restrained.
  • 16 Days of Activism against abuse November 25, 2014
    Imagine if, for 16 days, there was no rape, no child abuse. The 16 Days of Activism campaign challenges South Africans to declare a truce on violence against women and children - and, ultimately, to make it a permanent one.
  • South Africa takes a stand against violence and abuse November 24, 2014
    South Africa's 16 Days of Activism for No Violence against Women and Children has been extended to run throughout the year. With the theme, "Count me in", the focus will be on gender and child abuse, with all people encouraged to be part of the solution.