Agriculture and Food Strategy In South Africa

Agriculture and food production in South Africa is highly developed. The role of agriculture in South Africa in ensuring a strong food supply has been emphasized in both commercial farming and small scale subsistence farming. South Africa benefits from diverse climatic conditions that range from tropical to Mediterranean, semi-desert to savannah. These weather conditions allow for a large variety of commercial and food crops to be cultivated.
South Africa has become food sufficient and a net exporter of agricultural products. The income of farmers and producers is estimated at over 90 billion South African Rand. The agricultural sector is famed for production of horticultural crops such as fruits e.g. grapes for wines. Cereals and grains are crops that cover most of the agricultural acreage. However, the situation wasn’t always rosy.
From the sixties to late eighties, the South African agricultural industry stagnated and even declined as the manufacturing and mining sectors grew. However, with the growth of the population, food security became a pressing issue and had to be addressed through the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) in 1994. Food security was recognized as a priority policy objective. Government spending was redirected to focus on the role of agriculture in South Africa in ensuring a strong food supply to its citizens.
As there were several food security programmes running concurrently and at times roles beng overlapped, the South African Government decided to launch a more efficient and integrated food security program. It was titled the Integrated Food Security Strategy (IFSS). The vision of the IFSS was in line with the definition of food security according to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Its goal is to eradicate malnutrition, food insecurity and hunger in South Africa by 2015.
The strategic objectives of the IFSS amongst others include: – To increase domestic food production and trading – To improve the generation of income and job creation in agriculture – To improve food safety and nutrition. – To implement food emergency management systems. – To improve information management and analysis of agriculture and food production – To have stakeholder dialogue
The ways in which South Africa was to implement this strategy to strengthen food supply in the present and future was to approach several issues simultaneously.

 

The two major steps that were put into consideration were:
1. Improve Household Food Production and Distribution Rural food insecurity in South Africa is to be overcome by incrasing the number of households that undertake productive agriculture for themselves and for trade. Such households in rural regions are to be empowered by increasing access to small scale irrigation systems, training of small scale farmers on green and sustainable technologies. Such new technologies would enable them to continuously produce food even in lean times. Access to credit and finance is also to be improved. Marginalized groups especially women are to be harnessed in this drive to commercialize food production in rural areas.
2. Enhance food emergency management systems The collection and dissemination of the food situation is critical in ensuring proper planning of the supply. Periodic programme evaluation and studies will be conducted from regional to national level so as to design appropriate measures to counter food insecurity.
The South African food supply has improved and so has food security and nutrition. With further implementation of programmes under the IFSS, the future is bright for South African agriculture.

Incoming search terms:

  • food security in south africa 2012
  • agriculture in south africa
  • food security in south africa 2013
  • south african agriculture
  • food security in south africa
  • measures that can be introduced to improve food security
  • the importance of food security in south africa
  • importance of food security in south africa
  • Measures that can be introduced to improve food security in south africa
  • food supply in africa

Comments are closed.

Partner Sites:
Comesa

Source: http://www.comesa.int

  • Zuma, Putin discuss ways of strengthening ties August 29, 2014
    South African President Jacob Zuma and Russian President Vladimir Putin discussed various ways of strengthening ties between their two countries during a meeting at the Novo-Ogarevo presidential residence outside Moscow on Thursday. […]
  • Land tenure to take centre stage at summit August 29, 2014
    Land tenure reform in South Africa, including the issues of tenure insecurity in commercial farming areas and tenure challenges in communal areas, will take centre stage at a three-day national Land Tenure Summit in Johannesburg next week. […]
  • NDP to address obstacles to growth: Ramaphosa August 29, 2014
    The recently released framework for implementing the National Development Plan will help tackle domestic obstacles to growth in South Africa, drive growth in productive sectors of the economy, and cut down on red tape hampering investment, says Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa. […]
  • Banyana ready to tackle Tanzania August 29, 2014
    South Africa's women's football team, Banyana Banyana - fresh from a 4-0 away win against Zambia - will wind up Women's Month with an international friendly against Tanzania at Peter Mokaba Stadium in Polokwane on Sunday evening. […]
  • R252m scholarship project to reverse Africa's 'brain drain' August 28, 2014
    Around 300 "committed future leaders" from across sub-Saharan Africa will soon have the opportunity to study at the University of Cape Town, under a project aimed at reversing Africa's "brain drain" and contributing to the continent's social and economic growth. […]
  • Norwegian cycling star signs with MTN-Qhubeka August 28, 2014
    Team MTN-Qhubeka have announced a major signing: Edvald Boasson Hagen, a stage winner in both the Tour de France and Giro d'Italia, is set to join the South African cycling outfit on a two-year contract. […]
  • Proteas power to victory over Australia August 28, 2014
    The Proteas staged a magnificent run chase to haul in a challenging target, beating Australia by seven wickets with 20 balls to spare in the second match of a triangular one-day series at Harare Sports Club in Zimbabwe on Wednesday. […]
  • Mayors, councillors 'must lead war on water leaks' August 28, 2014
    Mayors and councillors should be at the forefront of the fight against water leakages in South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal Premier Senzo Mchunu said during a visit to KwaMashu Township in Durban on Tuesday as part of the government's War on Water Leaks campaign. […]
  • SA to regulate, monitor shale gas exploration August 28, 2014
    The government is working on a set of regulations that will ensure that shale gas exploration does not threaten South Africa's environment or compromise research projects linked to the Square Kilometre Array, says Mineral Resources director-general Thibedi Ramontja. […]
  • Gift of the Givers en route to Gaza August 27, 2014
    South African humanitarian organisation Gift of the Givers departed from Johannesburg's OR Tambo International Airport on Tuesday night en route to Gaza, where they will deliver 16 tons of emergency medical supplies valued at around R15-million. […]