South Africa is a country whose agricultural environment is very dynamic. However, the most significant aspect of the dynamics of agriculture is that it is mainly characterized with negative results more than the positives. This is because of various factors including shifts in rainfall patterns, droughts, government policies among others. To ensure that agriculture in South Africa experiences any significant growth, there is still much that needs to be done by the farmers, the South African government, several agricultural organizations and the entire South African population. This is important because agriculture plays a vital role towards shaping the economy of South Africa.
Agriculture is a wide sector and consists of both livestock rearing and aquaculture. However, in South Africa, livestock farming is the largest in the sector with a total of 13.8 million cattle, 28.8 million sheep among others. One way that the livestock farmers are able to improve the sector is by laying more emphasis on the development of breeds that are able to adapt well to the dynamic climate and environmental conditions being experienced in the region. In fact, with much focus onto this, South African farmers are able to promote the agricultural efforts since their production will not be largely affected by climate that is the major problem facing them currently. These breeds that are resistant to change in climate and environmental conditions should consist of cattle that are reared for beef and dairy, goats, and also sheep. The Afrikaner, the Afrino goat and sheep breeds are able to survive the harsh environment.
South Africa is also known for practicing game farming. In fact the country has got a wide variety of game species compared to various states in Africa. Due to this, laying more emphasis on this kind of farming could also be a great effort in promoting agriculture in South Africa. Currently, there is a descriptive model of game production that has been introduced in the country to help in improving the sector. However, there is still much effort needed to ensure that the game farming is significantly developed not only from 8% to 15% as but to even higher percentages.
Crop production in South Africa is mainly affected by poor rainfall pattern. Currently, almost half of South Africa’s water is used for Agriculture with 1.3 million hectares under irrigation. When extensive irrigation is emphasized, there will be significant improvement in South Africa’s crop production. There should also be introduction of crops that are able to survive well in the different types of soils to boost the sector even further. Currently, the government is working on the development of small-scale farming that will be a better tool in boosting job creation in the agriculture sector.
Apart from just the above mentioned, there is still much that can be done and reinforced to ensure an improvement in South Africa’s agricultural sector like the opening of better markets for the agricultural produce among others. All these steps are meant to improve and promote agriculture in South Africa for the better of the present and the future.
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